Usain Bolt He is the first athlete to win the 100 and 200 meters in three consecutive Olympics. The Jamaican runner is also the fastest runner on the planet, as it can cover 100 meters in 9.58 seconds. And the 200 meters, in 19.19 seconds. This was achieved in the summer of 2008, thus obtaining a percentage of improvement in the speed that its predecessors had taken 23 years to reduce.
What is your secret? Can you theoretically achieve a better brand to it? What is the limit? And the chicken nuggets?
Let's start by breaking down myths. Chicken nuggets are not your secret. Although Bolt is spiced up by chicken nuggets and spicy wings, and that he usually eats them the days before an Olympic final, junk food is not responsible for his muscular power, but rather a very disciplined diet prepared by a chef specialized: from egg sandwich to fish and pasta, finishing the day with a good plate of roast chicken and vegetables (including broccoli, which he apparently hates).
In fact, Bolt has a disadvantage over its competitors: it is too high. It measures 1.96 and weighs 96 kg, not preventing it from accelerating so much when you start running. But Bolt compensates for that initial disadvantage by developing a huge power of 400 kg with each stride. It reaches its maximum speed in approximately 70 meters, at which point it advances at 44.73 kilometers per hour.
To achieve this strength an ideal balance of muscle fibers is needed: between 55 and 65% of rapid contraction, 35-45% of slow contraction and muscles 30.4 centimeters wide. Other factors may contribute: shaved head, height where the competition takes place (ideally about 1,000 meters), atmospheric pressure, humidity, temperature ...
With all this in mind, Has Bolt already reached the human limit? No other human being will achieve a greater speed if he does not resort to illegal substances or bionic modifications? According to the Iranian mathematician Pray Norubary, there is still room. Little, but something remains. The introduction of professional training, improvements in training techniques and the introduction of ergogenic supplements (substances used to improve performance in the form of nutritional supplements) also profoundly changed athletic performance.
After observing the index of improvement of the athletes, he drew the resulting curve, extrapolating it to the future. Based on this progression curve, he calculated that the limit would be reached at about 9.44 seconds and that this would take place in 2050. However, Bolt achieved 9.58 in 2008, when Norubary established that mark would be reached in the year 2030, so we can't rely on their predictions much.
For his part, the sports scientist John Brenkus, who researched the subject for his 2010 book The Perfection Point, argues that the "perfect athlete" could run the 100 meters, in ideal conditions, in just 9.01 seconds. Maybe very soon, chicken nuggets aside, we can check if any of these predictors are right or wrong.